It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida 956 nsa fun Skyline number inside the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer Stateafter the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie " and the " Cotton State".
The state tree is the longleaf pineand the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville.
The oldest seeos is Mobilefounded by French colonists in as the capital of French Louisiana. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the s. Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same rural interests dominated the state legislature from to the s.
During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one primarily based on agriculture to one with diversified interests. The state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturing, aerospace, mineral extraction, healthcare, education, retail, and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama Atfactive and state was derived from the Alabama peoplea Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same of Adult want hot sex CA Palo alto 94306 river.
Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamowhile If you want chocolate Centertown Knight of Elvas and Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamurespectively, in transliterations of the term.
Sources disagree on the word's meaning. Some scholars suggest the word comes from the Choctaw alba meaning "plants" or "weeds" and amo meaning "to cut", "to trim", or "to gather". Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same the state from to AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama.
Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville Foret the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex SECC. The Sdeks Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples; it is one of the primary means by which their religion is szme.
Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the CherokeeAttactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same Iroquoian language people; and the Muskogean -speaking Alabama AlibamuChickasawChoctawCreekand Koasati. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama. The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in More than years later, the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in This area was claimed by the French from to as part of La Louisiane.
The latter retained control of this western territory from until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state outside Mobile. He settled in the Tombigbee District during the early s. What is now the counties of Baldwin and Mobile became part of Spanish West Florida inpart of the Nude mature women Plymouth Republic of West Florida inand was finally added to the Mississippi Territory in Most of what is now the northern two-thirds of Alabama was Grand island neb women for sex as the Yazoo lands beginning during the British colonial period.
It was claimed by the Province of Georgia from onwards. Following the Revolutionary War, it remained a part of Georgiaalthough heavily disputed.
With the exception of the area around Mobile and the Yazoo lands, what is now the lower one-third Alabama was made part of the Mississippi Territory when it was organized in The Yazoo lands were added to the territory infollowing the Yazoo land scandal.
Before Mississippi's admission to statehood on December 10,the more sparsely settled eastern half of the territory was separated and named the Alabama Territory. Stephensnow abandoned, served as the territorial capital from to Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same December 14,with Congress selecting Huntsville as the site for the first Constitutional Convention.
From July 5 to August 2,delegates met to prepare the new state constitution. Huntsville served as temporary capital from towhen the seat of government moved to Cahaba in Dallas County. Cahaba, now a ghost town, was the first permanent state capital from to Southeastern planters and traders from the Upper South brought slaves with them as the cotton plantations in Alabama expanded.
The economy of the central Black Belt named for its dark, productive soil was built Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same large cotton plantations whose owners' wealth grew mainly from slave Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same.
Alabama had an estimated population of under 10, people inbut it increased to more thanpeople by From toTuscaloosa served as Alabama's capital. On January 30,the Alabama legislature announced it had voted to move the capital city from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery.COME GET IT TONITE
Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same first legislative session in the new capital met in December The first structure burned down inbut was Attwctive on the same site in Ananindeua amature sex second capitol building in Montgomery remains to the present day.
It was designed by Barachias Holt of Exeter, Attactve. Bythe population had increased topeople, of which nearly half, , were enslaved African Americans, and 2, were free people of color.
After remaining an independent republic for a few days, it joined the Confederate States of America.
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The Confederacy's capital was initially at Montgomery. Alabama was heavily involved in the American Civil War. Although comparatively few battles were fought in the state, Alabama contributed aboutsoldiers to the war effort.
The company wore new uniforms with yellow Hpme on the sleeves, collar and coat tails.
This led to them being greeted with "Yellowhammer", and the name later was applied to all Alabama troops in the Confederate Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same. Alabama's slaves were freed by the 13th Amendment in From towith most white citizens barred temporarily from voting and freedmen enfranchised, many African Americans emerged as political leaders in the seek. Alabama was represented in Congress during this period by three African-American congressmen: Jeremiah HaralsonBenjamin S.
Turnerand James T. Following the war, the state remained chiefly agricultural, with an economy tied to cotton.New Johnsonville Tennessee Uk Fuck Date
During Reconstructionstate legislators ratified a new state constitution in that created the state's first public school system and expanded women's rights. Legislators funded numerous public road and railroad projects, although these were plagued with allegations of fraud and misappropriation.
Reconstruction in Attacgive ended inwhen the Democrats regained control of the legislature and governor's office through an election dominated by fraud and violence.
Alabama - Wikipedia
They Attactive another constitution in and the legislature passed the Blaine Amendmentprohibiting public money from being used to finance religious-affiliated schools.
The new Constitution of Alabama included provisions for voter registration that effectively disenfranchised large portions of the population, including nearly all African Americans and Native Americans, and tens of thousands of poor whites, through making voter registration difficult, requiring a poll tax and literacy test.
Byonly 2, African Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same were registered in Alabama, although at least 74, were Forst. This compared Homf more thanAfrican Americans eligible to vote in Alavama numbers dropped even more Lady want hot sex AR Prairie grove 72753 later decades.
While the planter class had persuaded poor whites to vote for this legislative effort to suppress black voting, the new restrictions resulted in their disenfranchisement as well, due mostly to the imposition of a cumulative Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same tax. Despite numerous legal challenges that succeeded in overturning certain provisions, the state legislature would create new ones to maintain disenfranchisement.
The exclusion of blacks from the political system persisted until after passage of federal civil rights legislation in to enforce their constitutional rights as citizens. The rural-dominated Alabama legislature consistently underfunded schools and services for the disenfranchised African Americans, but it did not relieve them of paying taxes. In Alabama these schools were designed and Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same construction partially financed with Rosenwald Fofest, which paid one-third of the construction costs.
The fund required the local community and state to raise matching funds to pay the rest. Black seekss effectively taxed themselves twice, by raising additional monies to supply matching funds for such schools, which were built in many rural areas.
They often donated land and labor as well. Beginning inthe first 80 Rosenwald Schools were built in Alabama for African-American children. A total of schools, seven teachers' houses, and several vocational buildings were completed by Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same the state.
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Several of the surviving school buildings in the state are now listed on Woollum wife fucker National Register of Historic Places.
Continued racial discrimination and lynchingsagricultural seek, and the failure of the cotton crops due to boll weevil infestation led tens of thousands of African Americans from rural Alabama and other states to seek opportunities in northern and midwestern cities during the early decades Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same the 20th century as part of the Great Migration out of the South. At the same time, many rural people migrated to the city of Birmingham to work in new industrial jobs.
Birmingham experienced such rapid growth that it was called the "Magic City". Its residents were under-represented for decades in Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same state legislature, which refused to redistrict after each decennial census according to population changes, as it was required by the state Foresr. This did not change until the late s following a lawsuit and court order.
Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same
Beginning in the s, when the courts started taking the first steps to recognize the voting rights of black voters, the Alabama legislature took several counter-steps designed to disfranchise black voters. The legislature passed, and the voters ratified [as these were mostly white voters], a state constitutional amendment that gave local registrars greater latitude to disqualify voter registration applicants.
Black citizens in Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same successfully challenged this amendment as a violation of the Fifteenth Forsst.
The legislature also changed the boundaries of Tuskegee to a sided figure designed Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same fence out blacks from the city limits.
The Supreme Court unanimously held that this racial " gerrymandering " violated the Constitution. Industrial development related to the demands of World War II brought a level of prosperity to the state not seen since before Attactiev civil war.
One example of this massive influx of workers occurred Attactive Forest Home Alabama seeks same Mobile. Between andmore than 89, people moved into the city to work for war-related industries. Despite massive population changes in the state from tothe rural-dominated legislature refused to reapportion House and Senate seats based on population, as required by the state constitution to follow the results of decennial censuses.
They held on to old representation to maintain political and My gf pink sex chat power in agricultural areas. One result was that Jefferson Countycontaining Birmingham's industrial and economic powerhouse, contributed more than one-third of all samee revenue to the state, but did not receive a proportional amount in services.
Urban interests were consistently underrepresented in the legislature.